Hypothalamic & Pituitary hormones


  • The Paraventricular Nucleus (PVN), located in the anterior medial area of hypothalamus, is involved in oxytocin and vasopressin release from the pituitary.
  • The Arcuate Nucleus (ARC) is involved in secretion of various pituitary releasing hormones.
  • The Dorsomedial Hypothalamic nucleus (DMH) is involved in stimulating gastrointestinal activity.
  • The Ventromedial Nucleus (VMN) is involved in satiety.
  • The overall function of the hypothalamus is to link the CNS to the endocrine system via the pituitary gland (the hypophysis).

Hypothalamic & Pituitary Hormones

Hypothalamus produces 2 types of endocrine factor

  1. Hypothalamic neuropeptides
  2. Hypothalamic releasing factors

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